|KANT IN THE CLASSROOM Materials to aid the study of Kant’s lectures|
Table: Full Professors employed in German Universities
This table is based on Eulenburg’s data [1904, 319] and shows the number of full professors (ordentliche Professoren) [glossary] at German universities during the years 1758 (left-hand columns) and 1796 (right-hand columns) — thus, near the beginning and near the end of Kant’s teaching career. Eulenburg provides data for more schools than shown here; this graph includes only those schools for which there was a complete data set. He also provides totals for the four faculties for 1796 (the most complete data set): theology (184), Law (174), medicine (159), and philosophy (274), with a total number of 791 full professors (this includes the Austrian universities).
Eulenburg elsewhere [1908, 9-11] estimates a total of 86 associate (ausserordentliche) professors and 38 lecturers (Privatdozenten) in all the German-speaking universities, and in 1796 these numbers had grown to 141 associate professors and 86 lecturers (which together constituted one-fourth of the total teaching staff; by 1840 they would constitute one-half).
A list of the philosophy faculty at Königsberg (as well as timelines of the philosophy, theology and medicine faculties) is provided under the Professors pages. When comparing that information with the data for Königsberg listed here, one immediately notes a discrepancy: sources other than Eulenburg indicate that there were nine full professors in the philosophy faculty at Königsberg in 1758 (the normal eight, plus C. C. Flottwell), and seven in 1796 (Mangelsdorff was professor of both Rhetoric/History and of Poetry).